Information and Communication Technology

The information and communication technology revolution is sweeping through the world and the gale has even caught up  with developing countries like  Nigeria and Ghana. Information and communication technologies have introduced new methods of teaching and conducting research and have been brought into education facilities for online learning, teaching and research collaboration. While some university communities in some countries enjoy free or inexpensive Internet  access,  students and faculty/staff in Nigeria must pay for time spent accessing the Internet, whether at a cyber cafĂ© or in the library (although the library offers a discount). Information and communication technologies have given rise to new modes of organizing the educational environment in schools and new concepts in the teaching process as well as the remodeling of the roles played by the participants in the educational process.

According to Ojedokun and Owolabi (2003) teachers in the developing world  will have to change their teaching styles and acquire Internet skills as new technologies transform classrooms over the next 20 years. Teachers will need to learn new skills to teach students how to search for and use information from the Internet  safety issues.  Internet’s seemingly infinite information offers access to up-to-date research reports and global knowledge (Nwokedi, 2007) so it has become an important component of electronic services in academic institutions. Therefore, the Internet has become an invaluable tool for learning, teaching and research (including collaborative research) in Nigeria.